871

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

Анатолий Шестопалов пишет:

Спорить чья сказка лучше сегодня бессмысленно - геосфера это самая не изученная сфера Земли. Человек проник даже в Марианскую впадину и в космос, а в недра Земли - слабо!

Главное, что Вы понимаете, что речь идёт о гипотезах, который в будущем можно будет проверить.

872

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

Kushelev пишет:

ИНТЕРВЬЮ С ВИТАЛИЕМ ЛАЗАРЕВИЧЕМ ГИНЗБУРГОМ
ГИНЗБУРГ  Это слово похоже на имя большого города. А еще оно
напоминает название океанского корабля. Или грандиозного дирижабля.
Чувствуется масштаб. Огромный был человек...
Он умер, а с ним ушла эпоха. ...

Александр Никонов, безусловно талантливый писатель, и если бы он даже писал о Гитлере, то у него получилось бы познавательно и интересно. Гинзбург В.Л. был организатором и председателем Комиссии по борьбе со лженаукой при РАН, т.е. он гнобил новые знания подаренные человечеству альтернативными учеными, в т.ч. и Кушелевым А.Ю. И я протестую против даже упоминания фамилии этого плохого человека в храме науки, коим является форум Лаборатории Наномир!

873

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

----- Original Message -----
From: kenneth snelson
To: Кушелев Александр ; sinergo@mail.ru
Sent: Thursday, April 19, 2012 9:23 PM
Subject: Atom models

Dear Sasha and Anatoly Shestopalova,

Excuse me for writing in English but I do not speak Russian.

As I understand  Sasha Kushelev' received the photo-portrait of  Zbigniew I. Ogzhevalskovo from Mr. Shestopalova which is why. The photographs of Zbigniew's many model's are most interesting to me because they are something like my own atom model.

Can either of you tell me  how Mr. Ogzhevalskovo explained his model? Why are his electrons represented as rings? Does Mr. Ogzhevalscovo mention Louis de Broglie's 1924 "matter wave" model in his paper? Thank you very much for your help.

When I was applying for my atom patent  (U.S. Pat.#3,276,148 “Model For Atomic Forms”) one of the previous world-wide patents the patent examiners referred to is the 1953 British patent by a German citizen, Karl Schwaiger. Attached is the text of that patent and also the Figures - illustrations. Clearly Mr. Schwaiger's patent is completely different from my atom model The U.S. Patent office agreed that they two conceptions are totally different from one another. The difference between our atom models is easily confirmed by reading Schwaiger's patent description.

Sasha and Anatoly, can you please explain, addition to his photographs, the argument Zbigniew I. Ogzhevalskovo makes in describing his atom model. How does his atom's electrons work?'

Warmest wishes,

Ken Snelson

==========================================

Дорогой Sasha и Anatoly Shestopalova,

Извините мне чтобы записывать в Английском но Я не говорю на Русском.

Как Я понимаю Sasha Kushelev' получившее фото-портрет Zbigniew I. Ogzhevalskovo из М-р Shestopalova, которое - почему. Фотографии Zbigniew's много моделировать - наиболее интересные для меня поскольку они - приблизительно моя собственная модель атома.

Может любое из Вас сообщать мне как М-р Ogzhevalskovo объяснившее его модель? Почему его электроны представлены как кольца? Делает М-р Луис ссылки Ogzhevalscovo de Broglie's 1924 модель "волны материала" на его бумаге? Весьма благодарю Вас за вашу помощь.

Когда Я обращался за своим патентом атома (США. Pat.#3,276,148  Модель Для Атомных Форм ) один из предшествующих всемирных патентов патентные экзаменаторы отосланные, чтобы - 1953 Британский патент Немецким гражданином, Karl Schwaiger. Приложенное - текст этого патента и также Фигуры - иллюстрации. Ясно М-р патент Schwaiger's отличается от моей модели атома США. Патентное бюро согласовывало, что они два понятия отличаются от друг другу. Различие между нашими моделями атома легко подтверждено чтением патентного описания Schwaiger's.

Sasha И Anatoly, можете ли Вы пожалуйста объяснить, дополнение на его фотографии, аргумент Zbigniew I. Ogzhevalskovo делает в описывающей его модели атома. Как делает его работой электронов атома?'

Самый теплый хочется,

Круг познаний Snelson

874

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

К выше опубликованному письму Кеннета Снельсона прилогалось:

PATENT SPECIFICATION

750.514

Date of Application and filing Complete Specification: Aug. 7, 1953. No. 2 1890/53. (Patent of Addition to No. 713,955 dated July 17, 1951). Complete Specification Published: June 20, 1956.

Index at acceptance:-Class 146(2), G(4: 5E: 10).

COMPLETE SPECIFICATION Improvements relating to Instructional Models for Representing Atomic Structure

I, KARL SCHWAIGER, of 3, Selbacherstrasse, Gernsbach/Baden, Germany, a German citizen, do hereby declare the invention, for which I pray that a patent may be granted to me, and the method by which it is to be performed, to be particularly described in and by the following statement:-

In the Specification of the Main Patent No. 713,955, an instructional model for representing atomic structure was described in which constructional elements were used of roughly cylindrical form, of a height approximately equal to half their diameter, particularly with a lemniscate-shaped cross-section, which for the purpose of illustrating atomic structure can be placed one against another and in layers one upon the other after the fashion of building blocks. It was also proposed therein to assemble the constructional elements, for the purpose of representing entire atoms or atom components, into polyhedral, and particularly octahedral, structures.

The invention relates to a further development of this instructional model, wherein, for representing the atomic structure and different conditions of excitation, a proton is represented by two constructional elements placed side by side with oppositely directed positive and/or negative poles indicated thereon, and a neutron by two constructional elements placed one upon the other, self-contained and without indication of positive or negative poles, and the atoms or atom groups themselves, build up to form stereometric figures, are represented with the numbers of protons and neutrons corresponding to the atom or atom group to be represented. It is a particular advantage of the invention that, by different assembly of the individual constructional elements or groups of elements into atom models, carried out on the principle of the octahedron, the quality of the substances represented of belonging to particular atom series or atom groups of the periodic system can be explained and illustrated. By corresponding assembly it is then possible to produce therefrom, for example, crystallites and crystals, the properties of which can be determined in the form of models and coincide numerically with the results of research.

On such octahedral structures the electron clouds surrounding the atom may also be represented, while the orbits of the electrons may be illustrated by bent wires or bands. At the same time. inward and outward radiations of heat and light waves can be marked on the model, for example by rectilinear and centrally directed wire clusters.

Further features of the invention relate to the representation of atom systems, particularly molecules, by connecting together at their surfaces, edges or apices a plurality of polyhedra. For the purpose of representing certain properties of the substances, particularly elasticity, the various two-dimensional structures of the polyhedra or the polyhedra representing the atoms themselves can be elastically connected together, particularly in such manner that the polyhedra or polyhedral systems formed from them assume a stable shape under the action of a spring. With the aid of polyhedra connected together in this manner it is also possible to show by the elastic turning over of individual polyhedra how the properties of the substances vary, for example by deformation under tensional or compressive forces, on magnetisation or the like, a surface bond between the polyhedra being for example produced from an apex or edge bond. The modulus of elasticity or the elastic limit, the electrical and thermal conductivity, and the like, can thus be represented in a clear manner and calculated arithmetically from the various polyhedron dimensions.

In addition, the invention refers to the representation of the thermal oscillations on such atom models, since by the representation of the three stable axes of revolution of the octahedron and of the appertaining possibilities of oscillation the production of the atom spectra can be shown qualitatively and quantitatively.  -- -

With the aid of the following examples of the instructional model forming the subject of the present invention, the latter, its application and the resulting possibilities of representing the results of scientific investigations and their elaboration will be explained in greater detail. In the accompanying drawings:-

Figures 1 to 9 show the representation of a -series of atom systems of the simplest structure in various conditions of excitation.

Figures 10 to 12 the special nature of the atomic structure in the case of rare gases.

Figure 13 shows an octahedral atom with a representation of the orbits of the electrons and the heat and light radiations.

Figure 14 shows the same system as in Figure 13, omitting the inner electron orbits.

Figures 15 to 18 show a representation of the three possible types of bond of three dimensional atomic systems.

Figure 19 shows the representation by way of example of a molecule composed of atom models (benzene).

Figures 20 to 22 show an example of a paramagnetic metal bond.

Figures 23 to 25 show stereometric and crystallographic representations of this bond.

Figures 26 to 30 show similar representations of a diamagnetic metal bond.

Figures 31 to 33 show a representation of the possible oscillations of an octahedral atom in vector representation, and

Figures 34 to 40 show a representation for the production by means of a model of atom spectra on rotation of the octahedral atom about the three possible stable axes of rotation.

In the Specification of the main Patent No. 713,955, the representation of the structural component of the atoms in the form of vortex rings, on the analogy with hydrodynamic vortex rings, is explained. The vortex rings may be considered to consist of a certain number of revolving m0 particles (neutral particles of the order of magnitude of 10" cm.) moving in circular paths. A vortex ring of this type, corresponding to the direction of rotation of the rn0 particles rotating in the vortex ring surface, acts towards one side as a positive pole (or hydrodynamic "source ") and towards the other side as a negative pole (or hydrodynamic "drain ").

In accordance with known hydrodynamic principles, such vortex rings attract one another or repel one another, depending on whether their positive or negative poles lie opposite one another. They can be so assembled that, for example, the positive pole of one points upward and that of the other downwards, thus forming a proton in accordance with Figure 1. If two vortex rings are pressed on• one another with their negative poles in such manner that although both "sources" are exhausted, yet the vortex rings are fully maintained, there is produced in accordance with the theory underlying the Application a neutron, which is for example 7 illustrated in Figure 2.

In addition, Figure 3 shows a hydrogen (H) atom formed from four vortex rings,

Figure 4 a nascent hydrogen atom,

Figure 5 a hydrogen molecule formed of eight structural components (H,), already built up in accordance with an octahedral system,

Figure 6 is a '-particle made from. eight components (doubly ionised helium atom),

Figure 7 a helium isotope of 12 components,

Figure 8 a helium atom made of sixteen components and arranged in the shape of an octahedron, and

Figure 9 a carbon atom composed of 48 components.

Figure 10 shows a helium atom as shown in Figure 8, in cubic representation;

In similar manner all other atoms (including their isotopes) can also be represented, while the breakdown of the triangle structure of the octahedron surface into quadrilaterals, pentagons, and hexagons and the' :chemical valency associated therewith above all, play- I an important part.

The representation by models, in addition to other properties, also for example allows it to be seen why atoms of particular mass numbers, for example atomic weight A,=5 I mass units (ME) and A9 =8 ME, do not occur in nature. The corresponding atoms can be assembled in the form of models only in the form of unstable structures; a stable geometrical structure is impossible.

The He atom represented in Figure 8 exhibits an octahedron shape in the (111) direction (using the usual crystallographic notation). If it is observed from the (011) or (110) direction, a cube shape can be seen (Figure 1). By stratifying such He atoms to form larger cubes, the inert gases with higher atomic weights can be represented, for example krypton (Figures 11 and 12), Figure 12 showing the construction of a Kr model composed of the structural components. The cube form in conjunction with the porous structure makes both the chemical. neutrality and also the hitherto unexplained: electron-permeability in certain directions immediately plausible.

In similar manner the atom structure enables for example the low cleavage tendency of Uranium 238 or the high cleavage 'tendency of Uranium 235 to be explained. The same is true of mechanical strength (elaideity and plasticity), conductivity (thermal arid electric), thermal expansion, melting points, and so on.

The construction and decomposition of atoms can be represented particularly clearly if the individual constructional elements consist of permanent magnets having an axial field; or the models of the atoms or atom components can be used as finished octahedral structures. If desired, in the use for model purposes of triangles, polyhedra or the like, it is also possible to abstain entirely from the particular representation of the individual structural components.

In consequence of the heteropolar arrangement of the triangles in the octahedron, hydrodynamic potential clouds or electron clouds are produced in accordance with Figure 13. The emission of the electrons is effected through the hydrodynamic "source" energy. They are re-absorbed in the hydrodynamic "drains." The resulting orbits of the electrons are represented in Figure 13 as approximately circular paths p in the form of bands inside an enclosing spherical surface t. The enclosing spherical surface consists in the model, for example, of transparent material or a wire net and represents physically the surface enveloping radiations of heat and light waves issuing from the atom. Apart from the hydrodynamic (electrodynamic) potential clouds indicated by these paths, thermal longitudinal waves also occur in the arrow directions marked (c) and (C). In Figure 14 the same structure as in Figure 13 is represented, while however the potential loops lying inside the sphere boundaries are omitted. The inflowing longitudinal waves are here indicated by the axes g,, g,, g,, g4.

The different structure of the atoms results in the multiformity of the mutual attraction forces, which in turn results in coordination constraint to form molecules and crystals. As is clear from the atom model of the octahedron type, the binding of the atoms to one another can take place at the point s (Figure 15), the edges k (Figure 16) or the surfaces f (Figures 17 and 18), Figures 17 and 18 showing the two possibilities of the atom position in the case* of the surface bond. Depending on the type of bond, different physical properties are produced. For example, impulses of a mechanical, thermal and also electrical type are transmitted with an intensity which is dependent on the type of bond as shown in Figures 15 to 18.

As an example of a molecular structure with simultaneous surface and edge bonds, Figure 19 shows the fine structure of a benzene ring which shows two atom groups C3H3 in which the carbons C have a surface bond at f, while the two half-rings have in each case only a half edge bond with one another at k in the plane of symmetry m-m for geometrical reasons, in accordance with the angles a and (3. All chemical and physical properties of the benzene ring can be explained thereby.

Hinged or resilient connections of the atoms' in the crystal or atomic systems and the behaviour, of the substances under the action of mechanical, thermal or electrical forces can be demonstrated. For example, an atom chain 0, 0,, 0, arranged in a row with edge bonds (Figure 16) for the atoms can be converted by alternate hinging over of the neighbouring atoms over one edge k in each case into a surface-bonded atom chain 0, 0,, 0,, corresponding to Figure 17 or 18, and vice versa.

The bonds of individual atoms to one another or else of the atom constituents (ions) to one another can be illustrated in the model for example by springs or elastic bands or magnets representing the binding forces. However, the model can also be made of material which is in itself resilient (possibly only at the bond points), for example rubber or the like.

Figure 20 shows a model for a combined apex and surface binding of metal atoms r, to r6. The arrangement of the metal atoms takes place according to the octahedral system illustrated in Figure 23. The atoms have here partly surface bonds, while in other cases only apex bonds are provided, while- for stereometrical reasons an angle of S = 19° 30' remains between the surfaces of neighbouring atoms.

Under the action of compressive forces, the crystal nucleus (6 atoms) shown in Figure 20 passes through the intermediate state shown in Figure 21 into the state shown in Figure 22. In Figures 21 and 22. for the sake of clarity, only the front three atoms are illustrated. The transition takes place owing - to the fact that the atoms and in this potential condition lie with their neighbouring faces on one another, reducing the angle 8 = 190° 30' to 7=0. These Figures show a model which is made, for example, of cardboard, sheet metal, or the like, while the edges of the atom can be connected together elastically by rubber bands or the like, which are not shown in the drawing. Stereometrically this may be expressed by the fact that, while retaining the grid type (Figure 23), the triakis octahedron (Figure 20) (crystallographically in Figure 24) passes over into a rhombic • dodecahedron as shown in Figure 22 (crystallographically in Figure 25). The axes x, y, z in Figure 20 are likewise indicated in the representation shown in Figure 24. When the pressure is relaxed, the atom passes back into the state shown in Figure 20 from the state shown in Figure 22, which can also be distinctly illustrated in-the model by the elastic construction of the individual atoms.

The atom structure shown in Figure 20 corresponds to a paramagnetic metal bond, in which the metal on account of the gaps has low thermal and electrical conductivity but is nevertheless distinguished by high elasticity (movability of the atoms by 19° 30').

Figures 26 to 30 show in contradistinction thereto a diamagnetic metal bond which has high thermal and electrical conductivity but on the other hand low elasticity. The structure of such an atom group constitutes a kind of hexahedron which is composed of nine neutral atoms p to p. which are illustrated diagrammatically in Figure 28 and in perspective in Figure 26, these atoms being bound by a pure surface bond to a central atom. If 6 further atoms are brought into the six hexahedron troughs, they must then be deformed under the action of external pressure forces similarly to Figure 27 and all fifteen atoms (Figure 30) then form the structure of a tetrakis hexahedron (Figure 29) which is well-known in crystallography.

A comparison with the atom group shown in Figures 20 to 25 shows plainly the structural difference. With the crystal nucleus of the surface bond type (Figures 26 to 30) free movability no longer exists for the individual atoms. On the other hand, a metal bond of this type permits mutual displacement of the various atoms while retaining the surface bond, the atom surfaces sliding over one another, which explains the high plasticity of such metals.

The movement of the atoms when a substance is in the gaseous phase can also be represented with the models shown in Figures 31 to 40.

Figures 31 to 33 show the possible oscillations of an octahedron atom, namely with reference to the three planes (001), (010) and (100), which are determined by the stereometrical conditions of the octahedron. The oscillation directions are here indicated by arrows. The models can be so constructed in accordance with these possible oscillations that in the case of Figure 3.1 two pyramids can be moved synchronously in an apex oscillation in relation to one another perpendicularly to the (001) plane, in the case of Figure 32 four sphenoids can be moved in an edge oscillation synchronously in relation to one another perpendicularly to the, (101) plane and in the case of Figure 33 eight triangles can be moved in an edge oscillation synchronously in relation to one another perpendicularly to the (111) plane.

By Figures 34 to 40 it is intended to show what stable rotational axes exist for the octahedron atom. Figure 35 is a ground plan corresponding to Figure 34, Figure 40 a ground plan corresponding to Figure 39, while Figures 36,'37 and 38 show three different states of movement for the same atom during rotation about the same axis.

Figure 34 shows a model with F-axis (axis of rotation running through the centres of gravity of two surfaces lying opposite one another), Figure 36 a model with S-axis (axis of rotation running through two apices lying opposite one another) and Figure 39 a model with K-axis (axis of rotation running through the centres of two edges lying opposite one another).

The states of oscillation shown in Figures 31 to 33 arc caused by intra-atomic charges, such as are produced by thermal and electrical irradiation, for example in the gaseous phase. As soon as the internal atomic pressure exceeds the normal atmospheric pressure of the ether bearing on the atom surface, the atom surfaces are lifted up until the internal excess pressure can escape to the outside. These amplitudes of the oscillating surface are diagrammatically indicated by a in Figures 34, 36 and 39.

Surface oscillations as shown in Figure 33 are produced by rotation, about the surface axis of Figures 34, 35. Apex oscillations as shown in Figure 31 are caused by rotations about the edge axis of Figures 39 and 40, and edge oscillations as shown in Figure 32 by rotations about the apex axes of Figure 36. In the case of the latter, two types of oscillation may occur:

1). Predominance of internal pressure over centrifugal force at a low speed of rotation gives a parallel oscillation with an amplitude a as shown in Figure 36.

2). Predominance of centrifugal force over internal pressure at a high speed of rotation gives an angular oscillation octahedral deformation b or b' as shown in Figure 37 and Figure 38, respectively.

The models can for this purpose once again be made elastic, the edges of the neighbouring surfaces being for example joined together by elastic bands in such manner that on rotation about the f, s or k axes under the action of centrifugal force, gaps are produced between these edges.

By stereoscopic connection of rotation and oscillation the atomic or molecular spectra of the gaseous substances are then produced with mechanical constraint. If we designate by r the speed of rotation of the whole atom and by s the frequency of oscillation of the atom surfaces, we can at once write the Balmer formula of the spectral lines as follows:

(formula here not possible in Microsoft Word)
r. s  r,s
(r + s) (r - s) r2 - s'


The main series (HS) in the light spectrum then corresponds to a rotation of the atoms about the surface axis (Figures 34 and .35), combined with a surface oscillation (Figure 33). The subsidiary series are produced by combination of rotation and edge oscillation, as shown in Figure 32. Such oscillations, however, can be formed only by rotation of the atoms about their apex axis, namely, at a low speed of rotation as such with Wand amplitude "A" as shown in Figure 6and in the case of a greater rotational impulse as b deformations as shown in Figures 37 and 38. Parallel oscillations produce the sharp lines of the ILNS (second subsidiary series), while the' angular oscillations cause great rotational speed oscillations and thus lead to unsharp spectral lines of the 1st subsidiary series. The Bergmann series (BS) observable only with a high rotational impulse is produced by combination of an apex oscillation (Figure 31) with the edge rotation (Figure 39) which can occur in the case of an octahedron atom for mechanical reasons only at maximum excitation.

For the representation of the spectra by models, according to the present invention the "positive" atom surfaces can be provided with small reflecting discs, which arc intended to mark the natural frequency of the atom surfaces on rotation of the atom models.

With the aid of such atom models it is therefore possible to represent with full clarity the atomic processes which lead to the formation of spectral lines of any kinds, which hitherto with the aid of "mechanistic" atom models it was hitherto not possible to do.

What I claim is:-

1. Instructional model for representing atomic structure by the use of constructional elements of roughly cylindrical form, of a height approximately equal to half their diameter, which can be placed one against another or one upon another after the fashion of building blocks and assembled to form three-dimensional and particularly octahedral structures, in accordance with Patent Specification No. 713,955, wherein, for representing the atomic structure and different conditions of excitation, a proton is represented by two constructional elements placed side by side with oppositely directed positive and/or negative poles indicated thereon, and a neutron by two constructional elements placed one upon the other, self-contained and without indication of positive or negative poles, and the atoms or atom groups themselves, built up to form stereometric figures, are represented with the numbers of protons and neutrons corresponding to the atom or atom group to be represented.

2. Instructional model according to claim 1, wherein, for the representation of particular atom properties or effects, the three-dimensional structures representing the atoms are provided with extra representational elements such as bands axes of rotation, arrows, envelopes, or the like, or are constructed to be variable, for example elastic.

3. Instructional model as claimed in claim 2, wherein for the representation of electron orbits, loop-shaped bands, wires, or the like are provided, passing out of a surface of the polyhedron and returning to the neighbouring surface, or for the representation, of inward and outward radiations of heat and light waves, radial bands, wire bundles, or the like are provided, while the mutually alternating positive surfaces and negative surfaces of the polyhedron may be correspondingly characterised.

4. Instructional model as claimed in claim 3, wherein, while the representation of the individual orbits or radiations may, if desired, be omitted, the polyhedron is surrounded by a spherical surface enclosing the orbits and made for example of transparent material or else in the form of a wire net.

5. Instructional model as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein for the representation of atoms systems composed of atoms, particularly molecules, a plurality of polyhedra are connected together at their surfaces, their edges, or their apices.

6. Instructional model as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein for the representation of the possible oscillations of the atoms the various surface structures of the polyhedra, or for the representation of the elasticity of the materials, the polyhedra themselves which represent the atoms are connected together elastically, particularly in such manner that the polyhedra or polyhedron systems formed from them assume a stable shape under spring action.

7. Instructional model as claimed in claim 5 or 6, wherein the connection of the individual models of the atom components of the atoms to one another is effected by means of cords, particularly elastic cords, such as rubber bands or the like, which join together elastically the surface structures which abut at an angle.

8. Instructional model as claimed in claim 5 or 6, wherein the connection is produced by magnetic action, the edges of the surface structures or polyhedra being for example constructed as magnets.

9. Instructional model as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the polyhedra are connected together to form regular three-dimensional structures of a higher order by edge or apex bonds, in such manner that between the individual surfaces or edges of neighbouring polyhedra free angular spaces (in the case of octahedra particularly with angles of 90° 30') are produced and by hinging over (particularly elastically) individual polyhedra the apex bond can be converted into a surface bond and/or the surface bond into an edge bond.

10. Instructional model as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein the polyhedra are connected together into regular three-dimensional structures of a high order with edge or apex bonds, in such manner that between the individual surfaces or edges of neighbouring polyhedra free angular spaces (in the case of octahedra in particular, with angles of 190 30') are produced, the surface structures of the polyhedra are connected together at individual edges only at points or elastically, so that under radial pressures at the edges, a gap. can be produced between said edges, and the apex or edge connection of the polyhedra to one another can be converted into surface abutment (surface bond) by reducing or eliminating the angular spaces.

11. Instructional model as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein for the representation of the intra-atomic oscillations, the polyhedra are furnished with zero planes running through the edges of the polyhedra or with vectors to indicate the directions of the oscillations in the case of apex, edge, and surface oscillations, while the surfaces, edges or apices can be elastically fastened.

12. Instructional model as claimed in any one of the preceding claims, wherein, for the representation of the spectrum generation M the gaseous state of the substance whose structure is represented by the model, the polyhedra are furnished with axes to characterize the stable possibilities of rotation, while the axes may run through the apices, through the centres of edges, or through the centres of gravity of surfaces of the-polyhedron.

13. Instructional model as claimed in claim 12, wherein the surfaces of the polyhedra are resiliently connected together, so that under the action of ccntruga1 forces or other external forces they yield in relation to the axis of rotation or in relation to one another cc can be caused to oscillate, while the arrangement may be such that the surfaces in each case perform a movement of translation or an angular movement about one at their edges.

14. Instructional model as claimed in claim 12 or 13, wherein the "positive" surfaces of the polyhedra are provided with small reflecting discs which on rotation in accordance with claim 12 and 13 can mark the natural frequency of the surface oscillation.

15. An instructional model for the representation of atomic structure, different states of excitation and/or particular atom properties or effects, substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to the accompanying drawings.

JENSEN & SON, 77, Chancery Lane, London, W.C.2, Chartered Patent Agents.

Leamington Spa: Printed for Her Majesty's Stationery Office, by the Courier Pies.-1956.

Published at The Patent Office, 26, Southampton Buildings, London, W.C.2, from which copies may be obtained.

http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6109/31556098.b3/0_6be77_50847d_L.jpg
http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6109/315 … 0847d_orig

875

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

----- Original Message -----
From: Gennady Mishinsky
To: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
Sent: Wednesday, October 26, 2011 10:35 AM
Subject: Re: фото Огжевальского

Здравствуйте, Анатолий Васильевич.

Огрзевальский Збигнев -фото из личной карточки, архив ОИЯИ.

http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6108/31556098.b3/0_6be78_1dd7603c_L.jpg
http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6108/315 … 7603c_orig

Рождение 17 мая 1919, г.Сандолиж, Польша, поляк
Образ. Высшее, 1950г. Высшее техническое училище, инженер-радиотехник
С 22 января 1968 по 31.марта 1971 работал в ОИЯИ, в Лаборатории высоких энергий, в научно-экспериментальном камерном отделе., должность - Научный сотрудник.

С наилучшими пожеланиями, Геннадий Мышинский.

***
----- Original Message -----
From: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
To: ICCF Мышинский Геннадий
Sent: Sunday, October 09, 2011 9:06 PM
Subject: фото Огжевальского

Здравствуйте Геннадий Владимирович!

Мне очень нужна фотография Збигнева Огжевальского (Огжевальского З.И.), на польском языке это пишется так OGRZEWALSKI ZB.
Со слов Дидыка Александра Юрьевича http://video.mail.ru/mail/gopri/89/577.html
В Польше он работал в Институте атомной энергии, ассистентом профессора. Долгое время (лет десять) работал в Объединенном институте ядерных исследований (Дубна) в лаборатории Высоких энергий. Одновременно с профессором Славинским Брониславом Степановичем (поляком) под его непосредственным руководством. Славинский и сейчас приезжает регулярно в ОИЯИ, может вы его случайно знаете и он согласится привезти фотографии из Польши (если там есть таковые)?

Если Отдел кадров даст Дело на вынос отсканируйте пожалуйста с разрешением не менее 300 пикселей на дюйм. Если не дадут, то хотябы сфотграфируйте фотоаппаратом.

Заранее благодарен, Шестопалов Анатолий Васильевич.

876

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

----- Original Message -----
From: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
To: Gennady Mishinsky
Sent: Friday, October 28, 2011 3:57 PM
Subject: Re: Re[2]: фото Огжевальского

Понял. Еще раз спасибо за фото. Будем считать что это два варианта написания его фамилии на русском языке.

----- Original Message -----
From: Gennady Mishinsky
To: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
Sent: Friday, October 28, 2011 11:59 AM
Subject: Re[2]: фото Огжевальского

Здравствуйте, Анатолий Васильевич.
Да, Огрзевальский  - так  написано в личной карточке (не в личном деле).
Польского написания фамилии в карточке не было.
Огрзевальский произносится труднее на русском, чем Огжевальского.
Огжевальского в архиве ОИЯИ нет,
Спасибо за сайт с рукописью.

Геннадий Мышинский.


***
----- Original Message -----
From: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
To: Gennady Mishinsky
Sent: Thursday, October 27, 2011 11:32 PM
Subject: Re: фото Огжевальского

Геннадий Владимирович!
Я эту неделю на конференции и поэтому не смог сразу ответить.
Огромное спасибо за фото и биографические данные Збигнева Огжевальского от меня лично, от всех его последователей и от благодарных потомков!!!
Еще один маленький но очень важный вопрос: Почему вы пишите "Огрзевальский"? У него что так в личном деле написано?!

В отзывах 3-х оппонентов на его рукопись фамилия написана подругому (Огжевальский):
http://www.nanoworld.org.ru/data/200610 … 15/075.jpg
http://www.nanoworld.org.ru/data/200610 … 15/076.jpg
http://www.nanoworld.org.ru/data/200610 … 15/077.jpg

Всю рукопись Огжевальский З.И. "Пространственные модели атомов,
молекул и кристаллов" можно прочитать и постранично скачать, в т.ч. и упомянутые отзывы в конце, здесь:
http://www.nanoworld.org.ru/data/200610 … /index.htm

Ваш Анатолий Шестопалов.

877

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

----- Original Message -----
From: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
To: ICCF Мышинский Геннадий
Sent: Friday, April 20, 2012 1:32 AM
Subject: Fw: Atom models

Здравствуйте Геннадий Владимирович!
Если вы имеете возможность встретиться с Дидыком Александром Юрьевичем и показать ему это письмо, то мне кажется вы вместе можете помочь моему другу из США Кеннету Снельсону. Вариант помощи мне видится таким, если мы сможем Кеннету Снельсону предоставить ФИО и кординаты где найти американцев которые сотрудничают с вашим институтом и которые на более высоком чем наш с вами уровне сделают запрос о Збигневе Огжевальском, о его публикациях, о знакомых с кем он работал. Через польского профессора о котором говорил мне Дидык А.Ю.http://video.mail.ru/mail/gopri/89/577.html который каждый год к вам приезжает, можно будет добыть биографические данные и возможно другие материалы с его родины.
Прошу подумать над возможностью помочь американскому ученому и одновременно всем нам узнать побольше о жизни и работе Збигнева Огжевальского.

Шестопалов Анатолий Васильевич.

878

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

Ответ на письмо Кеннета Снельсона

> Can either of you tell me  how Mr. Ogzhevalskovo explained his model?

> Можете ли Вы рассказать мне, как мистер Огжевальский получил свою модель?

Kushelev: We have this article only: http://www.nanoworld.narod.ru/index.htm

Кушелев: У нас есть только его статья...

http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6109/126580004.4d/0_ba77c_380b60dc_L.jpg
Оригинал: http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6109/126 … c_orig.jpg

Wave tube model. My model same.

Волноводная модель. Моя модель такая же.

> Why are his electrons represented as rings?

> Почему его электроны представлены кольцами?

http://www.nanoworld.narod.ru/index.files/082.jpg

Kushelev: Ogrzevalski picked up a form of wave guides.
Equation of a wave similarly to the equation of quantum mechanics. Full analogy.

Кушелев: Огжевальский взял форму волноводов.
Уравнение волны такое же как уравнение квантовой механики. Полная аналогия.

> Does Mr. Ogzhevalscovo mention Louis de Broglie's 1924 "matter wave" model in his paper?
> Упоминает ли мистер Огжевальский модель де Бройля "волна материи" 1924 года в свой работе?

http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6107/126580004.4d/0_ba77e_44a38dfe_L.jpg
Оригинал: http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6107/126 … e_orig.jpg

Огжевальский: Обратим внимание на подобие и различие между классическим уравнением Даламбера и релятивистским квантовым уравнением волн де Бройля

Autotranslation: let's pay attention to similarity and distinction between
Dalamber's classical equation and de Broglie's relativistic quantum
equation of waves

> How does his atom's electrons work?
> Как работают его электроны?

Kushelev: To similarly closed wave guides smile
Кушелев: Как замкнутые волноводы smile

All our works are a pikotechnological basis.
Все наши работы являются основой пикотехнологии.

Mew Article / Новая статья: http://nanoworld88.narod.ru/articles/pi … _01_24.doc

Details / Подробности: http://nanoworld88.narod.ru/data/291.htm

We participate in the international competition CASP10:
Мы участвуем в международном конкурсе CASP10:

http://nanoworld88.narod.ru/data/285_files/0_6b554_fc960e9d_orig.jpg

Details / Подробности: http://nanoworld88.narod.ru/data/285.htm

New standard / Новый стандарт: http://nanoworld88.narod.ru/data/287.htm

Science for business / Наука для бизнеса: http://nanoworld.org.ru/topic/283/

Eternal youth - the main subject / Вечная молодость - главная тема

Warmest wishes / теплые пожелания,
Your Sasha / Ваш Саша
smile

879

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

Мое письмо Кеннету Снельсону

----- Original Message -----
From: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
To: kenneth snelson
Sent: Saturday, April 21, 2012 3:28 AM
Subject: Re: Atom models

Дорогой Кеннет Снельсон!
Я не могу писать на английском, а если пользоваться машинным переводом, то будет много проблем с пониманием текста. Поэтому я решил написать по русски с надеждой что, при острой необходимости, вам кто-нибудь переведет на английский язык за деньги. В приложении к этому письму в MS Word *.doc я сделал попытку перевести при помощи компьютера, чтобы вы составили представление о содержании письма.

Спасибо за патент Карла Швайгера http://nanoworld.org.ru/post/14600/#p14600

Я не специалист в области ядерной физики. Я не знаю как мистер Огжевальский изобрел свою модель атома. Я занимаюсь вопросами холодного ядерного синтеза метана в угольных шахтах. Я могу вам только рассказать историю о том как фотография Збигнева Огжевальского попала к Анатолию Шестопалову и сообщить те биографические данные которые сохранились в архиве Объединенного института ядерных исследований (Joint Institute for Nuclear Research) в городе Дубна Московской области (Россия).

Когда я в 2008 году был на конференции, я познакомился с ученым. Его отец знал мистера Огжевальского З.И. и имел с ним одну совместную статью. Его зовут Дидык Александр Юрьевич и он продолжает работать в том же институте где и его отец (ОИЯИ). Я взял у него интервью об Огжевальском http://video.mail.ru/mail/gopri/89/577.html Дидык А.Ю. сильно ругался критикуя модель атома Огжевальского З.И. При этом мне все таки кое-что удалось узнать. Он сообщил мне что Збигнев Огжевальский несколько лет работал в его институте и что там в отделе кадров должны быть его документы и фотография. Он работал одновременно с польским профессором Славинским Брониславом Степановичем, под его непосредственным руководством. Бронислав Славинский доступен для контактов так как и сейчас приезжает регулярно в Дубну (ОИЯИ) два раза в году. До этого З.Огжевальский работал у себя на родине в Польше в Институте атомной энергии ассистентом профессора. Александр Дидык так сильно негативно отзывался о Збигневе Огжевальском, что я не решился попросить его об услуге добыть фотографию З.Огжевальского.

Когда я в 2011 году был на другой конференции, я познакомился с ученым из Объединенного института ядерных исследований в городе Дубна. Его звали Мышинский Геннадий Владимирович. Я попросил его в канцелярии или отделе кадров ОИЯИ добыть фотографию Збигнева Огжевальского. Вскоре я получил электронное письмо.

----- Original Message -----
From: Gennady Mishinsky
To: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
Sent: Wednesday, October 26, 2011 10:35 AM
Subject: Re: фото Огжевальского
Здравствуйте, Анатолий Васильевич.
Огрзевальский Збигнев - фото из личной карточки, архив ОИЯИ.
http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6108/315 … 7603c_orig
Рождение 17 мая 1919, г.Сандолиж, Польша, поляк
Образование: Высшее техническое училище, инженер-радиотехник, 1950г.
С 22 января 1968 по 31 марта 1971 работал в ОИЯИ, в Лаборатории высоких энергий, в научно-экспериментальном камерном отделе., должность - Научный сотрудник.
С наилучшими пожеланиями, Геннадий Мышинский.

У специалистов знающих польский язык я выяснил правильное написание по польски - OGRZEWALSKI ZB.
По английски должно быть почти также - Zbignev Ogrzevalsky а вот по русски существует два написания. В архиве ОИЯИ написано Огрзевальский, а в отзывах на рукопись Огжевальский, наверное потому что последнее рускоязычным легче произносить.

С наилучшими пожеланиями, Анатолий Шестопалов
научный сотрудник Института проблем комплексного освоения недр (ИПКОН РАН)
http://www.ipkonran.ru/index_e.htm

============= ПРИЛОЖЕНИЕ / APPLICATION =====================

Dear Kenneth Snelson,
Excuse me for writing in Russian but I do not speak English. I can not write in english, but if use the machine translations, that will much problems intelligently text. So I have solved to write in russian with hope that, at exigence, you anyone will translate into english for money. In exhibit hereto letter in MS Word *.doc I have done the attempt to translate at computer that you have formed belief about contents letter.

Thank you for patent KARL SCHWAIGER http://nanoworld.org.ru/post/14600/#p14600

I not specialist in the field of nucleus physicists. I do not know how Mr. Zbignev I. Ogrzhevalsky invented its own model of the atom. I concern with the questions of the сold nuclear fusion (LENR) of the methane in coal mine. I can you only to tell history on how to photography Mr. Zbignev Ogrzhevalsky has got to Mr. Anatoly Shestopalov and report that biographic given which ed in archive of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR) in city Dubna Moscow area (Russia).

When I was in 2008 at conference, I met a scientist. His father knew Mr. Ogrzhevalsky Z.I. and had with him a joint article. His name is Mr. Alexander Yu. Didyk and he continues to work in the same institute where he worked for his father (JINR). I have taken beside it interview about Mr. Ogrzhevalsky http://video.mail.ru/mail/gopri/89/577.html Mr. A.Yu.Didyk powerfully swore criticizing model of the atom Mr. Ogrzhevalsky Z.I. So, I still managed to learn something. He told me that Zbigniew Ogzhevalsky spent several years working in his institute and that there is in the personnel department should be to document and photograph. He worked simultaneously with polish professor Bronislav S. Slavinsky, under his direct supervision. Mr. Bronislav Slavinskiy available to contact since and presently arrives regularly in Dubna (JINR) twice a year. Before this Z.Ogrzhevalsky worked beside itself on native land in Hollow in Institute of the atomic energy by assistent of the professor. Alexander Didyk so much negative comments about Mr. Zbignev Ogrzhevalsky that I did not dare ask him about the service to get a photo of Vr. Z.Ogrzhevalsky.

When I was in 2011 at another conference, I met with other scientists from the same institution (JINR) in city Dubna. His name is Mr. Gennadiy V. Myshinskiy. I asked him to get a photo of Mr. Ogrzhevalsky in the office or the personnel department of the Institute (JINR). Soon I have got the electronic letter.

----- Original Message -----
From: Gennady Mishinsky
To: Anatoly V. Shestopalov
Sent: Wednesday, October 26, 2011 10:35 AM
Subject: Re: photo of Mr. Ogrzhevalsky
How do you do, Anatoliy Vasilievich.
Zbignev Ogrzevalisky - a photo from the personal card, archive JINR.
http://img-fotki.yandex.ru/get/6108/315 … 7603c_orig
The Birth 17 May 1919, sity Sandolizh, Poland, pole.
Formation: High technical school, engineer-radio mechanic, 1950.
Mr. Ogrzhevalsky January 22, 1968 to March 31, 1971 he worked at JINR, Laboratory of High Energies, in the scientific and experimental chamber camera department, position - researcher.
Best regards, Gennadiy Myshinskiy.

Beside specialist knowing polish language I have realized correct writing on polish - OGRZEWALSKI ZB.
In english must be nearly also - Zbignev Ogrzevalsky but here is in russian exists two writings. In archive JINR is written Ogrzevaliskiy, but in review on manuscript Ogzhevaliskiy, probably because the latter for those who say in Russian is easier to pronounce.

Best regards, Anatoliy Shestopalov
scientific employee IPKON RAN
http://www.ipkonran.ru/index_e.htm

880

Re: Бародинамика Шестопалова А.В.

Анатолий Шестопалов пишет:
Kushelev пишет:

ИНТЕРВЬЮ С ВИТАЛИЕМ ЛАЗАРЕВИЧЕМ ГИНЗБУРГОМ
Никонов: ГИНЗБУРГ  Это слово похоже на имя большого города. А еще оно
напоминает название океанского корабля. Или грандиозного дирижабля.
Чувствуется масштаб. Огромный был человек...
Он умер, а с ним ушла эпоха. ...

Александр Никонов, безусловно талантливый писатель, и если бы он даже писал о Гитлере, то у него получилось бы познавательно и интересно. Гинзбург В.Л. был организатором и председателем Комиссии по борьбе со лженаукой при РАН, т.е. он гнобил новые знания подаренные человечеству альтернативными учеными, в т.ч. и Кушелевым А.Ю. И я протестую против даже упоминания фамилии этого плохого человека в храме науки, коим является форум Лаборатории Наномир!